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The Document Foundation soutient la Fondation Gnome contre un chasseur de brevets


Bild/Foto
La Fondation Document est toujours opposée à l'utilisation des brevets pour freiner le développement et l'utilisation des Logiciels Libres. La Fondation GNOME, un membre de notre Conseil consultatif, est maintenant la cible du chasseur de brevets (NDT : «patent troll») Rothschild Patent Imaging LLC, pour la maintenance et la diffusion du logiciel Shotwell, un gestionnaire de photos personnel, Open Source et gratuit développé pour l'environnement de bureau GNOME.

La Fondation GNOME a refusé de se soumettre et a déposé trois documents auprès du tribunal : une requête en irrecevabilité de l'affaire, une réponse à la demande, et une demande reconventionnelle contre le troll, dans le but d'invalider son brevet. Nous soutenons pleinement la décision de la Fondation GNOME de lutter contre le chasseur de brevets pour qu'aucun autre utilisateur ou développeur ne se trouve en danger d'être poursuivi par cette organisation et d'autres organisations similaires.

Vous pouvez lire ici le billet du blog de la Fondation GNOME résumant la situation : https://www.gnome.org/news/2019/10/gnome-files-defense-against-patent-troll/
The Document Foundation demande à tous les membres et utilisateurs de la communauté LibreOffice de soutenir la Fondation GNOME dans ses efforts pour montrer au monde entier que nous, dans les communautés du Logiciel Libre, nous allons nous défendre contre tout abus du système des brevets.
Texte original: (en) http://document-foundation-mail-archive.969070.n3.nabble.com/The-Document-Foundation-supports-GNOME-Foundation-fight-against-a-patent-troll-tp4268241.html

Le monde du logiciel libre n'est pas de tout repos. Certaines personnes peu scrupuleuses n'hésitent pas à tenter de privatiser des application pour ensuite réclamer une rémunération. C'est ce qu'on appelle des "pattent trolls". Aujourd'hui, GNOME est aux prise avec "Rothschild Patent Imaging LLC", qui n'est pas à son coup d'essais, qui veut privatiser Shotwell. Alors, si le logiciel libre signifie quelque chose pour vous, vous pouvez soutenir GNOME ici: https://secure.givelively.org/donate/gnome-foundation-inc/gnome-patent-troll-defense-fund

#chasseur-de-brevet #chasseur de brevet #chasseurdebrevet #défense #defense #floss #gnome #justice #libre #libreoffice #licence #logiciel-libre #logiciel-privateur #logiciel libre #logiciel privateur #logiciellibre #logicielprivateur #open-source #open source #opensource #patent-troll #patent troll #patenttroll #privatisation #shotwell #tdf #the-document-fondation #the document fondation #thedocumentfondation
The Document Foundation supports GNOME Foundation fight against a patent troll

 
Bild/Foto
#photography #photo #roma #over #the #rainbow #giorgiopfefer
06/04/2015

Photo taken by me - All rights reserved ©GiorgioPfefer

 

#The Wailers - Roots Rock Dub




#reggae #dub #music

 

#The Wailers - 3 Little Birds Dub Version




#music #dub #reggae

 
By Cristofer Jeschke



2019-06-02T12:47:35-04:00

Minutes after I took this photo, the clouds rolled in. The valley had disappeared, leaving nothing but the highest peaks visible through a thick layer of gray.

Source: https://unsplash.com/photos/4cnN9LFhL88
Full image: Link

Via Unsplash.com

\#photography #CC0 #Unsplash #APIRandom #Minutes #after #I #took #this #photo #the #clouds #rolled #in #The #valley #had #disappeared #leaving #nothing #but #the #highest #peaks #visible #through #a #thick #layer #of #gray

 
#newhere #GPlusrefugee #Musikerwitze #Musicians Jokes #Scherze #Schabernack #Jokes #Pranks
Ich bin: Kölner mit Prädikat (in der Südstadt ["Vrings-Veedel"] im sogenannten Severins-Klösterchen geboren – das ist quasi nicht mehr steigerungsfähig...)
Interessen: Menschen, Medien, Sensationen
Website: www.BrunoKassel.de
Über viele Jahre hinweg #Schlagzeuger, #Drummer, #Musikjournalist, #Fotograf, Buchautor von "Die besten Musikerwitze" und "Best Musicians Jokes"
Ich mag: Musik von: #The Who, #Beth Hart, #Tina Dico, #Buddy Rich, #Simon Phillips, #Queen, #Joe Bonamassa, #Led Zeppelin, #Emerson Lake Palmer, #Bad Company, #Deep Purple, #Pink Floyd, #Gentle Giant, #Walk Off The Earth, #Maybebop ... und natürlich den #Beatles
Ich mag: Reisen nach Rom, in die Toskana, nach New York City, London, München, Paris, Wien, Prag, Hamburg, Stockholm oder nach Kopenhagen (weitere Reiseziele sind in Planung)
Ich mag: Filme mit W.C. Fields, Jacques Tati (Monsieur Hulot!), Roberto Benigni, Bastian Pastewka, Loriot und Woody Allen
Ich mag von Franziska Pigulla, Dietmar Wunder oder Christoph Maria Herbst gesprochene Hörbücher
P.S.: Meine Beiträge werden in einem Fertigungsbetrieb hergestellt, in dem auch Ironie und Sarkasmus verarbeitet werden!

 

Hacking the Casio F-91W to Handle 1000 Psi


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20079488
Posted by dvt (karma: 5259)
Post stats: Points: 123 - Comments: 42 - 2019-06-03T00:43:12Z

\#HackerNews #1000 #casio #f-91w #hacking #handle #psi #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 96 - Loop: 198 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 46
Hacking the Casio F-91W to Handle 1000+ PSI

 

Hacking the Casio F-91W to Handle 1000 Psi


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20079488
Posted by dvt (karma: 5259)
Post stats: Points: 123 - Comments: 42 - 2019-06-03T00:43:12Z

\#HackerNews #1000 #casio #f-91w #hacking #handle #psi #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 96 - Loop: 198 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 46
Hacking the Casio F-91W to Handle 1000+ PSI

 

The lingua franca of LaTeX


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20006525
Posted by JohnHammersley (karma: 2270)
Post stats: Points: 103 - Comments: 60 - 2019-05-25T01:07:48Z

\#HackerNews #franca #latex #lingua #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 88 - Loop: 139 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 40

 

The lingua franca of LaTeX


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20006525
Posted by JohnHammersley (karma: 2270)
Post stats: Points: 103 - Comments: 60 - 2019-05-25T01:07:48Z

\#HackerNews #franca #latex #lingua #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 88 - Loop: 139 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 40

 

Keepass.com spreading malware acting as the official password manager site


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19867971
Posted by svacko (karma: 191)
Post stats: Points: 196 - Comments: 49 - 2019-05-09T13:17:26Z

\#HackerNews #acting #keepasscom #malware #manager #official #password #site #spreading #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 147 - Loop: 306 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 112

 

The Feynman Lectures on Physics now free


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19887468
Posted by stillmotion (karma: 445)
Post stats: Points: 143 - Comments: 14 - 2019-05-11T18:07:01Z

\#HackerNews #feynman #free #lectures #now #physics #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 100 - Loop: 354 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 26

 

The Feynman Lectures on Physics now free


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19887468
Posted by stillmotion (karma: 445)
Post stats: Points: 143 - Comments: 14 - 2019-05-11T18:07:01Z

\#HackerNews #feynman #free #lectures #now #physics #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 100 - Loop: 354 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 26

 

Keepass.com spreading malware acting as the official password manager site


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19867971
Posted by svacko (karma: 191)
Post stats: Points: 196 - Comments: 49 - 2019-05-09T13:17:26Z

\#HackerNews #acting #keepasscom #malware #manager #official #password #site #spreading #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 147 - Loop: 306 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 112

 

Keepass.com spreading malware acting as the official password manager site


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19867971
Posted by svacko (karma: 191)
Post stats: Points: 196 - Comments: 49 - 2019-05-09T13:17:26Z

\#HackerNews #acting #keepasscom #malware #manager #official #password #site #spreading #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 147 - Loop: 306 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 112

 

Experimental device generates electricity from the coldness of the universe


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19853135
Posted by lelf (karma: 42722)
Post stats: Points: 108 - Comments: 39 - 2019-05-07T20:26:31Z

\#HackerNews #coldness #device #electricity #experimental #from #generates #the #universe
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 85 - Loop: 309 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 134

 

Experimental device generates electricity from the coldness of the universe


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19853135
Posted by lelf (karma: 42722)
Post stats: Points: 108 - Comments: 39 - 2019-05-07T20:26:31Z

\#HackerNews #coldness #device #electricity #experimental #from #generates #the #universe
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 85 - Loop: 309 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 134

 

Influencers Are Abandoning the Instagram Look


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19774702
Posted by cageface (karma: 15290)
Post stats: Points: 116 - Comments: 77 - 2019-04-28T23:58:30Z

\#HackerNews #abandoning #are #influencers #instagram #look #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 103 - Loop: 173 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 38

 

Influencers Are Abandoning the Instagram Look


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19774702
Posted by cageface (karma: 15290)
Post stats: Points: 116 - Comments: 77 - 2019-04-28T23:58:30Z

\#HackerNews #abandoning #are #influencers #instagram #look #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 103 - Loop: 173 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 38

 

Optimizing M3: Halving Our Metrics Ingestion Latency by Forking the Go Compiler


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19692451
Posted by roskilli (karma: 146)
Post stats: Points: 135 - Comments: 35 - 2019-04-18T16:39:04Z

\#HackerNews #compiler #forking #halving #ingestion #latency #metrics #optimizing #our #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 101 - Loop: 315 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 22
Optimizing M3: How Uber Halved Our Metrics Ingestion Latency by (Briefly) Forking the Go Compiler

 

Optimizing M3: Halving Our Metrics Ingestion Latency by Forking the Go Compiler


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19692451
Posted by roskilli (karma: 146)
Post stats: Points: 135 - Comments: 35 - 2019-04-18T16:39:04Z

\#HackerNews #compiler #forking #halving #ingestion #latency #metrics #optimizing #our #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 101 - Loop: 315 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 22
Optimizing M3: How Uber Halved Our Metrics Ingestion Latency by (Briefly) Forking the Go Compiler

 

Optimizing M3: Halving Our Metrics Ingestion Latency by Forking the Go Compiler


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19692451
Posted by roskilli (karma: 146)
Post stats: Points: 135 - Comments: 35 - 2019-04-18T16:39:04Z

\#HackerNews #compiler #forking #halving #ingestion #latency #metrics #optimizing #our #the
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 101 - Loop: 315 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 22
Optimizing M3: How Uber Halved Our Metrics Ingestion Latency by (Briefly) Forking the Go Compiler

 

“I worked at Boeing for about 1.5 years in the 2008-9 time period”


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19671611
Posted by thereare5lights (karma: 192)
Post stats: Points: 128 - Comments: 44 - 2019-04-16T06:42:17Z

\#HackerNews #2008-9 #about #boeing #for #period #the #time #worked #years
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 100 - Loop: 96 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 15

 

“I worked at Boeing for about 1.5 years in the 2008-9 time period”


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19671611
Posted by thereare5lights (karma: 192)
Post stats: Points: 128 - Comments: 44 - 2019-04-16T06:42:17Z

\#HackerNews #2008-9 #about #boeing #for #period #the #time #worked #years
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 100 - Loop: 96 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 15

 

1060-hour image of the Large Magellanic Cloud captured by amateur astronomers


This extraordinary view of the LMC might be the world's longest exposure image in amateur astronomy. 1060 hours were needed to capture this highly-resolved image (204 Megapixels) of the Large…
Article word count: 602

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19662575
Posted by dmitrybrant (karma: 142)
Post stats: Points: 174 - Comments: 25 - 2019-04-15T00:53:40Z

\#HackerNews #1060-hour #amateur #astronomers #captured #cloud #image #large #magellanic #the
Article content:

Bild/Foto
1060 is the number of hours needed to capture this highly-resolved image (204 Megapixels) of the Large Magellanic Cloud. It might be the worldʼs longest exposure image within the amateur astronomers community.

In astrophotography, the amount of time you spend imaging a celestial object is inherently fundamental. The longer your cameraʼs shutter is open, the more light you get, so that the darkest regions of the sky start to get clearer. Usually, amateur astronomers are familiar with very long integration times, such as few minutes or even few tens of hours. However, reaching a total amount of several hundred hours increases the complexity of image processing and therefore remains quiet rare... though, five keen amateur astrophotographers challenged themselves and decided to capture a picture of 1060 hours of total exposure time, which can be considered as a world record (professional astronomy excluded).

This image is not only a technical accomplishment, but brings also a scientific interest to one of the most amazing deep sky object of the Southern sky : The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC).

The image is a mosaic made of 16 smaller fields of view, which, once stitched together form a high-resolution image of 204 Million of pixels! As of matter of fact, this is not the work of a single person but by a team of five french amateur astronomers called "Ciel Austral": Jean Claude CANONNE, Philippe BERNHARD, Didier CHAPLAIN, Nicolas OUTTERS et Laurent BOURGON.

"Ciel Austral" owns a remotely-controlled observatory located in the most prestigious skies of the planet, in Chile, and more precisely at the El Sauce Observatory (Coquimbo Region). A 160-mm APO-refractor telescope and a Moravian CCD were used to obtain this wonderful field. The datasets were taken over several months, ranging from 2018 and 2019. The heavy files handled represent 620 GB and needed few hundreds of hours to get out of the image processing step! Once stacked together, they make up the stunning figure of 1060 hours of exposure. If you are more curious, we invite you having a look at [1]their official website here.

You certainly noticed the color-rendering of this image is quite unusual. Indeed, astrophotographers used a couple of special filters which transmit narrow parts -lines- of the visible spectrum : the Hydrogen Alpha line at 656 nm, the Sulfur line at 672 nm and the Oxygen III spectral line at 500 nm. These kind of filters enable to emphasize chemical components located in high-density gas regions like nebulae, what standard RGB imaging can not perform.

Settled in Chile since 2017, the Ciel Austral Observatory gives to this 5-member team a way to expanding their knowledge and skills in astronomical imagery in order to fulfill its most ambitious projects. So, one should stay tuned for more of their upcoming fantastic images.

★ The Large Magellanic Cloud

[2]
[IMG][3]Picture of the LMC in RGBHaO color rendering, taken by Ciel Austral team.

This image shows us a unique view of the most famous night-sky object for Southern-Hemisphere astronomy. The LMC is actually a satellite neighbor of our Milky Way galaxy pretty close to us, at 50 kilo-parsecs distance (163k light-years). Scientists estimate it will do a full orbit around us in only 1.5 Billion years...

The Large Magellanic Cloud belongs to the Local Group - a list of about 50 galaxies close to each other, including our own.
If you have the opportunity to spend a night under the Southern Skies, this naked-eye-visible object will surprise you by its wide angular size and its strong brightness: LMC covers a slice of the sky which can contain 20 moon diameters, shining at a 0.9 magnitude!

References

Visible links
1. http://www.cielaustral.com/galerie/photo95.htm?fbclid=IwAR3GMt0zg_9VrcXH3moy7-lR7stH2Gb-ZOYPpvpTKMZooK7LpMBa97PQx2Y
2. https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-T37eYbCHxaY/XK-vzMpE3gI/AAAAAAAA9Bw/4M4eVjTpKmA-AMl9aLqzmZr_sl34sgungCLcBGAs/s1600/photo_LMC_ciel_austral_RVBHaO.jpg
3. http://www.cielaustral.com/galerie/photo95.htm?fbclid=IwAR0T6w4pdXopufFoA6rTGyqTBGokdJPF-kbPYQyVvH1aiddZ8uj7ueLCwKQ

HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 124 - Loop: 51 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 64

 

1060-hour image of the Large Magellanic Cloud captured by amateur astronomers


This extraordinary view of the LMC might be the world's longest exposure image in amateur astronomy. 1060 hours were needed to capture this highly-resolved image (204 Megapixels) of the Large…
Article word count: 602

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19662575
Posted by dmitrybrant (karma: 142)
Post stats: Points: 174 - Comments: 25 - 2019-04-15T00:53:40Z

\#HackerNews #1060-hour #amateur #astronomers #captured #cloud #image #large #magellanic #the
Article content:

Bild/Foto
1060 is the number of hours needed to capture this highly-resolved image (204 Megapixels) of the Large Magellanic Cloud. It might be the worldʼs longest exposure image within the amateur astronomers community.

In astrophotography, the amount of time you spend imaging a celestial object is inherently fundamental. The longer your cameraʼs shutter is open, the more light you get, so that the darkest regions of the sky start to get clearer. Usually, amateur astronomers are familiar with very long integration times, such as few minutes or even few tens of hours. However, reaching a total amount of several hundred hours increases the complexity of image processing and therefore remains quiet rare... though, five keen amateur astrophotographers challenged themselves and decided to capture a picture of 1060 hours of total exposure time, which can be considered as a world record (professional astronomy excluded).

This image is not only a technical accomplishment, but brings also a scientific interest to one of the most amazing deep sky object of the Southern sky : The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC).

The image is a mosaic made of 16 smaller fields of view, which, once stitched together form a high-resolution image of 204 Million of pixels! As of matter of fact, this is not the work of a single person but by a team of five french amateur astronomers called "Ciel Austral": Jean Claude CANONNE, Philippe BERNHARD, Didier CHAPLAIN, Nicolas OUTTERS et Laurent BOURGON.

"Ciel Austral" owns a remotely-controlled observatory located in the most prestigious skies of the planet, in Chile, and more precisely at the El Sauce Observatory (Coquimbo Region). A 160-mm APO-refractor telescope and a Moravian CCD were used to obtain this wonderful field. The datasets were taken over several months, ranging from 2018 and 2019. The heavy files handled represent 620 GB and needed few hundreds of hours to get out of the image processing step! Once stacked together, they make up the stunning figure of 1060 hours of exposure. If you are more curious, we invite you having a look at [1]their official website here.

You certainly noticed the color-rendering of this image is quite unusual. Indeed, astrophotographers used a couple of special filters which transmit narrow parts -lines- of the visible spectrum : the Hydrogen Alpha line at 656 nm, the Sulfur line at 672 nm and the Oxygen III spectral line at 500 nm. These kind of filters enable to emphasize chemical components located in high-density gas regions like nebulae, what standard RGB imaging can not perform.

Settled in Chile since 2017, the Ciel Austral Observatory gives to this 5-member team a way to expanding their knowledge and skills in astronomical imagery in order to fulfill its most ambitious projects. So, one should stay tuned for more of their upcoming fantastic images.

★ The Large Magellanic Cloud

[2]
[IMG][3]Picture of the LMC in RGBHaO color rendering, taken by Ciel Austral team.

This image shows us a unique view of the most famous night-sky object for Southern-Hemisphere astronomy. The LMC is actually a satellite neighbor of our Milky Way galaxy pretty close to us, at 50 kilo-parsecs distance (163k light-years). Scientists estimate it will do a full orbit around us in only 1.5 Billion years...

The Large Magellanic Cloud belongs to the Local Group - a list of about 50 galaxies close to each other, including our own.
If you have the opportunity to spend a night under the Southern Skies, this naked-eye-visible object will surprise you by its wide angular size and its strong brightness: LMC covers a slice of the sky which can contain 20 moon diameters, shining at a 0.9 magnitude!

References

Visible links
1. http://www.cielaustral.com/galerie/photo95.htm?fbclid=IwAR3GMt0zg_9VrcXH3moy7-lR7stH2Gb-ZOYPpvpTKMZooK7LpMBa97PQx2Y
2. https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-T37eYbCHxaY/XK-vzMpE3gI/AAAAAAAA9Bw/4M4eVjTpKmA-AMl9aLqzmZr_sl34sgungCLcBGAs/s1600/photo_LMC_ciel_austral_RVBHaO.jpg
3. http://www.cielaustral.com/galerie/photo95.htm?fbclid=IwAR0T6w4pdXopufFoA6rTGyqTBGokdJPF-kbPYQyVvH1aiddZ8uj7ueLCwKQ

HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 124 - Loop: 51 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 64

 
By BBH Singapore



2019-03-06T21:05:04-05:00

According to a 2018 McKinsey report, China boasts 114 of the world’s 147 female, self-made billionaires (America has 14). And almost 50% more women hold professional or technical jobs for every 100 men in the Philippines. Asia is one of the most progressive regions for women, yet stereotypes of what Asian women are like and look like persist. BBH Singapore’s ‘See Different’ collection of images seeks to change that by showing the true diversity and personality of women across the Asian region.
Photo by @meaneggs on Instagram.

Location: Khidarpur Jadoo, India

Source: https://unsplash.com/photos/YNIKY2f9Ee8
Full image: Link

Via Unsplash.com

\#photography #CC0 #Unsplash #APIRandom #According #to #a #2018 #McKinsey #report #China #boasts #114 #of #the #worlds #147 #female #self-made #billionaires #America #has #14 #And #almost #50% #more #women #hold #professional #or #technical #jobs #for #every #100 #men #in #the #Philippines #Asia #is #one #of #the #most #progressive #regions #for #women #yet #stereotypes #of #what #Asian #women #are #like #and #look #like #persist #BBH #Singapores #‘See #Different #collection #of #images #seeks #to #change #that #by #showing #the #true #diversity #and #personality #of #women #across #the #Asian #region
#Photo #by #@meaneggs #on #Instagram #KhidarpurJadoo #India

 
By Kerri Shaver



2019-03-10T10:23:40-04:00

This is a photo from a series of mock ups I have been working on. To style, I generally place my props down and then grab my camera or phone. I use the viewfinder to look at different crops until I find an interesting composition I like, like this one. I really like this photo because it is simple but elegant, and I tend to find myself drawn to minimalism. Hope you enjoy!

Source: https://unsplash.com/photos/0AS4WZjvVK8
Full image: Link

Via Unsplash.com

\#photography #CC0 #Unsplash #APIRandom #This #is #a #photo #from #a #series #of #mock #ups #I #have #been #working #on #To #style #I #generally #place #my #props #down #and #then #grab #my #camera #or #phone #I #use #the #viewfinder #to #look #at #different #crops #until #I #find #an #interesting #composition #I #like #like #this #one #I #really #like #this #photo #because #it #is #simple #but #elegant #and #I #tend #to #find #myself #drawn #to #minimalism #Hope #you #enjoy

 

The Terrible Secret (2011)


Old Tom Bombadil. Possibly the least liked character in The Lord of the Rings. A childish figure so disliked by fans of the book that few object to his absence from all adaptations of the story. And…

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19535628
Posted by chmaynard (karma: 5251)
Post stats: Points: 107 - Comments: 47 - 2019-03-31T14:05:36Z

\#HackerNews #2011 #secret #terrible #the
Article content:




Old Tom Bombadil. Possibly the least liked character in The Lord of the Rings. A childish figure so disliked by fans of the book that few object to his absence from all adaptations of the story. And yet, there is another way of looking at Bombadil, based only on what appears in the book itself, that paints a very different picture of this figure of fun.

What do we know about Tom Bombadil? He is fat and jolly and smiles all the time. He is friendly and gregarious and always ready to help travellers in distress.

Except that none of that can possibly be true.

Consider: By his own account (and by Elrond’s surprisingly sketchy knowledge) Bombadil has lived in the Old Forest since before the hobbits came to the Shire. Since before Elrond was born. Since the earliest days of the First Age.

And yet no hobbit has ever heard of him.

The guise in which Bombadil appears to Frodo and his companions is much like a hobbit writ large. He loves food and songs and nonsense rhymes and drink and company. Any hobbit who saw such a person would tell tales of him. Any hobbit who was rescued by Tom would sing songs about him and tell everyone else. Yet Merry – who knows all the history of Buckland and has ventured into the Old Forest many times – has never heard of Tom Bombadil. Frodo and Sam – avid readers of old Bilbo’s lore – have no idea that any such being exists, until he appears to them. All the hobbits of the Shire think of the Old Forest as a place of horror – not as the abode of a jolly fat man who is surprisingly generous with his food.

If Bombadil has indeed lived in the Old Forest all this time – in a house less than twenty miles from Buckland – then it stands to reason that he has never appeared to a single hobbit traveller before, and has certainly never rescued one from death. In the 1400 years since the Shire was settled.

What do we know about Tom Bombadil? He is not what he seems.

Elrond, the greatest lore-master of the Third Age, has never heard of Tom Bombadil. Elrond is only vaguely aware that there was once someone called Iarwain Ben-Adar (“Oldest and Fatherless”) who might be the same as Bombadil. And yet, the main road between Rivendell and the Grey Havens passes not 20 miles from Bombadil’s house, which stands beside the most ancient forest in Middle Earth. Has no elf ever wandered in the Old Forest or encountered Bombadil in all these thousands of years? Apparently not.

Gandalf seems to know more, but he keeps his knowledge to himself. At the Council of Elrond, when people suggest sending the Ring to Bombadil, Gandalf comes up with a surprisingly varied list of reasons why that should not be done. It is not clear that any of the reasons that he gives are the true one.

Now, in his conversation with Frodo, Bombadil implies (but avoids directly stating) that he had heard of their coming from Farmer Maggot and from Gildor’s elves (both of whom Frodo had recently described). But that also makes no sense. Maggot lives west of the Brandywine, remained there when Frodo left, and never even knew that Frodo would be leaving the Shire. And if Elrond knows nothing of Bombadil, how can he be a friend of Gildor’s?

What do we know about Tom Bombadil? He lies.

A question: what is the most dangerous place in Middle Earth? First place goes to the Mines of Moria, home of the Balrog, but what is the second most dangerous place? Tom Bombadil’s country. By comparison, Mordor is a safe and well-run land, where two lightly-armed hobbits can wander for days without meeting anything more dangerous than themselves. Yet the Old Forest and the Barrow Downs, all part of Tom’s country, are filled with perils that would tax anyone in the Fellowship except perhaps Gandalf.

Now, it is canonical in Tolkein that powerful magical beings imprint their nature on their homes. Lorien under Galadriel is a place of peace and light. Moria, after the Balrog awoke, was a place of terror to which lesser evil creatures were drawn. Likewise, when Sauron lived in Mirkwood, it became blighted with evil and a home to monsters.

And then, there’s Tom Bombadil’s Country.

The hobbits can sense the hatred within all the trees in the Old Forest. Every tree in that place is a malevolent huorn, hating humankind. Every single tree. And the barrows of the ancient kings that lie nearby are defiled and inhabited by Barrow-Wights. Bombadil has the power to control or banish all these creatures, but he does not do so. Instead, he provides a refuge for them against men and other powers. Evil things – and only evil things – flourish in his domain. “Tom Bombadil is the master” Goldberry says. And his subjects are black huorns and barrow wights.

What do we know about Tom Bombadil? He is not the benevolent figure that he pretends to be.

Tom appears to the Ringbearer in a friendly, happy guise, to question and test him and to give him and his companions swords that can kill the servants of another evil power. But his motives are his own.

Consider: it is said more than once that the willows are the most powerful and evil trees in the Forest. Yet, the rhyme that Bombadil teaches the hobbits to use in conjuring up Bombadil himself includes the line, “By the reed and willow.” The willows are a part of Bombadil’s power and a means of calling on him. They draw their strength from the cursed river Withywindle, the centre of all the evil in the Forest.

And the springs of the Withywindle are right next to Tom Bombadil’s house.

And then there is Goldberry, “the river-daughter”. She is presented as Bombadil’s wife, an improbably beautiful and regal being who charms and beguiles the hobbits. It is implied that she is a water spirit, and she sits combing her long, blonde hair after the manner of a mermaid. (And it is worth remembering that mermaids were originally seen as monsters, beautiful above the water, slimy and hideous below, luring sailors to drown and be eaten.) But I suggest the name means that in her true state, Goldberry is nourished by the River – that is, by the proverbially evil Withywindle.

In folklore and legend (as Tolkien would know well) there are many tales of creatures that can take on human form but whose human shape always contains a clue to their true nature. So what might Goldberry be? She is tall and slender - specifically she is “slender as a willow wand”. She wears a green dress, sits amidst bowls of river water and is surrounded by the curtain of her golden hair. I suggest that she is a Willow tree conjured into human form, a malevolent huorn like the Old Man Willow from whom the hobbits have just escaped. If she is not indeed the same tree.

So, if this is true, then why does Bombadil save and help the ringbearer and his companions? Because they can bring about the downfall of Sauron, the current Dark Lord of Middle Earth. When Sauron falls, the other rings will fail and the wizards and elves will leave Middle Earth and the only great power that is left will be Bombadil.

There is a boundary around Bombadil’s country that he cannot or will not pass, something that confines him to a narrow space. And in return, no wizard or elf comes into his country to see who rules it, or to disturb the evil creatures that gather under his protection.

When the hobbits return to the Shire after their journey to Mordor, Gandalf leaves them close to Bree and goes towards Bombadil’s country to have words with him. We do not know what they say. But Gandalf was sent to Middle Earth to contend against Sauron and now he must depart. He has been given no mission to confront Bombadil and he must soon leave Middle Earth to powerless men and hobbits, while Bombadil remains, waiting to fulfill his purpose.

Do I think that Tolkien planned things in this way? Not at all, but I find it an interesting speculation.

To speculate further and more wildly:

The spell that binds Bombadil to his narrow and cursed country was put in place centuries ago by the Valar to protect men and elves. It may last a few decades more, perhaps a few generations of hobbit lives. But when the last elf has gone from the havens and the last spells of rings and wizards unravel, then it will be gone. And Iarwain Ben-Adar, Oldest and Fatherless, who was ruler of the darkness in Middle Earth before Sauron was, before Morgoth set foot there, before the first rising of the sun, will come into his inheritance again. And one dark night the old trees will march westward into the Shire to feed their ancient hatred. And Bombadil will dance down amongst them, clad in his true shape at last, singing his incomprehensible rhymes as the trees mutter their curses and the black and terrible Barrow-Wights dance and gibber around him. And he will be smiling.

HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 87 - Loop: 105 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 42

 

The Terrible Secret (2011)


Old Tom Bombadil. Possibly the least liked character in The Lord of the Rings. A childish figure so disliked by fans of the book that few object to his absence from all adaptations of the story. And…

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19535628
Posted by chmaynard (karma: 5251)
Post stats: Points: 107 - Comments: 47 - 2019-03-31T14:05:36Z

\#HackerNews #2011 #secret #terrible #the
Article content:




Old Tom Bombadil. Possibly the least liked character in The Lord of the Rings. A childish figure so disliked by fans of the book that few object to his absence from all adaptations of the story. And yet, there is another way of looking at Bombadil, based only on what appears in the book itself, that paints a very different picture of this figure of fun.

What do we know about Tom Bombadil? He is fat and jolly and smiles all the time. He is friendly and gregarious and always ready to help travellers in distress.

Except that none of that can possibly be true.

Consider: By his own account (and by Elrond’s surprisingly sketchy knowledge) Bombadil has lived in the Old Forest since before the hobbits came to the Shire. Since before Elrond was born. Since the earliest days of the First Age.

And yet no hobbit has ever heard of him.

The guise in which Bombadil appears to Frodo and his companions is much like a hobbit writ large. He loves food and songs and nonsense rhymes and drink and company. Any hobbit who saw such a person would tell tales of him. Any hobbit who was rescued by Tom would sing songs about him and tell everyone else. Yet Merry – who knows all the history of Buckland and has ventured into the Old Forest many times – has never heard of Tom Bombadil. Frodo and Sam – avid readers of old Bilbo’s lore – have no idea that any such being exists, until he appears to them. All the hobbits of the Shire think of the Old Forest as a place of horror – not as the abode of a jolly fat man who is surprisingly generous with his food.

If Bombadil has indeed lived in the Old Forest all this time – in a house less than twenty miles from Buckland – then it stands to reason that he has never appeared to a single hobbit traveller before, and has certainly never rescued one from death. In the 1400 years since the Shire was settled.

What do we know about Tom Bombadil? He is not what he seems.

Elrond, the greatest lore-master of the Third Age, has never heard of Tom Bombadil. Elrond is only vaguely aware that there was once someone called Iarwain Ben-Adar (“Oldest and Fatherless”) who might be the same as Bombadil. And yet, the main road between Rivendell and the Grey Havens passes not 20 miles from Bombadil’s house, which stands beside the most ancient forest in Middle Earth. Has no elf ever wandered in the Old Forest or encountered Bombadil in all these thousands of years? Apparently not.

Gandalf seems to know more, but he keeps his knowledge to himself. At the Council of Elrond, when people suggest sending the Ring to Bombadil, Gandalf comes up with a surprisingly varied list of reasons why that should not be done. It is not clear that any of the reasons that he gives are the true one.

Now, in his conversation with Frodo, Bombadil implies (but avoids directly stating) that he had heard of their coming from Farmer Maggot and from Gildor’s elves (both of whom Frodo had recently described). But that also makes no sense. Maggot lives west of the Brandywine, remained there when Frodo left, and never even knew that Frodo would be leaving the Shire. And if Elrond knows nothing of Bombadil, how can he be a friend of Gildor’s?

What do we know about Tom Bombadil? He lies.

A question: what is the most dangerous place in Middle Earth? First place goes to the Mines of Moria, home of the Balrog, but what is the second most dangerous place? Tom Bombadil’s country. By comparison, Mordor is a safe and well-run land, where two lightly-armed hobbits can wander for days without meeting anything more dangerous than themselves. Yet the Old Forest and the Barrow Downs, all part of Tom’s country, are filled with perils that would tax anyone in the Fellowship except perhaps Gandalf.

Now, it is canonical in Tolkein that powerful magical beings imprint their nature on their homes. Lorien under Galadriel is a place of peace and light. Moria, after the Balrog awoke, was a place of terror to which lesser evil creatures were drawn. Likewise, when Sauron lived in Mirkwood, it became blighted with evil and a home to monsters.

And then, there’s Tom Bombadil’s Country.

The hobbits can sense the hatred within all the trees in the Old Forest. Every tree in that place is a malevolent huorn, hating humankind. Every single tree. And the barrows of the ancient kings that lie nearby are defiled and inhabited by Barrow-Wights. Bombadil has the power to control or banish all these creatures, but he does not do so. Instead, he provides a refuge for them against men and other powers. Evil things – and only evil things – flourish in his domain. “Tom Bombadil is the master” Goldberry says. And his subjects are black huorns and barrow wights.

What do we know about Tom Bombadil? He is not the benevolent figure that he pretends to be.

Tom appears to the Ringbearer in a friendly, happy guise, to question and test him and to give him and his companions swords that can kill the servants of another evil power. But his motives are his own.

Consider: it is said more than once that the willows are the most powerful and evil trees in the Forest. Yet, the rhyme that Bombadil teaches the hobbits to use in conjuring up Bombadil himself includes the line, “By the reed and willow.” The willows are a part of Bombadil’s power and a means of calling on him. They draw their strength from the cursed river Withywindle, the centre of all the evil in the Forest.

And the springs of the Withywindle are right next to Tom Bombadil’s house.

And then there is Goldberry, “the river-daughter”. She is presented as Bombadil’s wife, an improbably beautiful and regal being who charms and beguiles the hobbits. It is implied that she is a water spirit, and she sits combing her long, blonde hair after the manner of a mermaid. (And it is worth remembering that mermaids were originally seen as monsters, beautiful above the water, slimy and hideous below, luring sailors to drown and be eaten.) But I suggest the name means that in her true state, Goldberry is nourished by the River – that is, by the proverbially evil Withywindle.

In folklore and legend (as Tolkien would know well) there are many tales of creatures that can take on human form but whose human shape always contains a clue to their true nature. So what might Goldberry be? She is tall and slender - specifically she is “slender as a willow wand”. She wears a green dress, sits amidst bowls of river water and is surrounded by the curtain of her golden hair. I suggest that she is a Willow tree conjured into human form, a malevolent huorn like the Old Man Willow from whom the hobbits have just escaped. If she is not indeed the same tree.

So, if this is true, then why does Bombadil save and help the ringbearer and his companions? Because they can bring about the downfall of Sauron, the current Dark Lord of Middle Earth. When Sauron falls, the other rings will fail and the wizards and elves will leave Middle Earth and the only great power that is left will be Bombadil.

There is a boundary around Bombadil’s country that he cannot or will not pass, something that confines him to a narrow space. And in return, no wizard or elf comes into his country to see who rules it, or to disturb the evil creatures that gather under his protection.

When the hobbits return to the Shire after their journey to Mordor, Gandalf leaves them close to Bree and goes towards Bombadil’s country to have words with him. We do not know what they say. But Gandalf was sent to Middle Earth to contend against Sauron and now he must depart. He has been given no mission to confront Bombadil and he must soon leave Middle Earth to powerless men and hobbits, while Bombadil remains, waiting to fulfill his purpose.

Do I think that Tolkien planned things in this way? Not at all, but I find it an interesting speculation.

To speculate further and more wildly:

The spell that binds Bombadil to his narrow and cursed country was put in place centuries ago by the Valar to protect men and elves. It may last a few decades more, perhaps a few generations of hobbit lives. But when the last elf has gone from the havens and the last spells of rings and wizards unravel, then it will be gone. And Iarwain Ben-Adar, Oldest and Fatherless, who was ruler of the darkness in Middle Earth before Sauron was, before Morgoth set foot there, before the first rising of the sun, will come into his inheritance again. And one dark night the old trees will march westward into the Shire to feed their ancient hatred. And Bombadil will dance down amongst them, clad in his true shape at last, singing his incomprehensible rhymes as the trees mutter their curses and the black and terrible Barrow-Wights dance and gibber around him. And he will be smiling.

HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 87 - Loop: 105 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 42

 

Cycling heaven: The African capital with 'no traffic'


How Asmara in Eritrea unintentionally became a cycling paradise.
Article word count: 566

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19497878
Posted by nairteashop (karma: 1172)
Post stats: Points: 97 - Comments: 60 - 2019-03-27T03:07:21Z

#HackerNews #african #capital #cycling #heaven #the #traffic #with
Article content:




[1]Cyclists in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

A combination of factors ranging from conflict to diplomatic isolation have unintentionally turned the Eritrean capital into a cycling paradise.

Asmara only has about 500,000 inhabitants, which combined with low salaries, high import taxes and fuel shortages means the city has few vehicles. Those you do see often tend to be from a different age.

[2]Cyclists in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni [3]A donkey cart on a road in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Roads are not only relatively empty of cars. Locals lament the departure of great numbers of young Eritreans who have left over the last 20 years because of hardships brought by regional conflicts and enforced national service under a government that brooks little dissent.

[4]Liberty Avenue in Asmara, Eritrea pictured in August 2018

As a result of its circumstances, Asmara offers a very different landscape compared to many African cities congested with traffic. This, combined with the wonderful climate, makes it a dream for cyclists to get around. "Cycling is part of our culture," says a 25-year-old man.

[5]A man on a bicycle riding past a street market in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Asmaraʼs architecture is also admired and it was recently [6]made a Unesco World Heritage Site for its striking art deco buildings, a legacy of the countryʼs time as an Italian colony from 1897 until 1943.

[7]A street scene in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Bike repair shops abound all over Asmara. Eritrea has a long history of self-reliance that began during its 30-year war for independence from Ethiopia, after which its international isolation has made importing bicycles and spare parts extremely expensive.

[8]A bicycle repair stall in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Eritreans ride bicycles of all kinds and colours: mountain-bikes, city bikes, racing bikes. Young and old, women and men, athletes and housewives - all seem to embrace the "bicicletta", the word for bicycle in the local language, Tigrinya, that is borrowed from Italian.

[9]A man on a bicycle riding past a bike repair shop in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Those who rely on public transport have to endure long waits before jumping on an extremely crowded bus. "Buses are so old and so few," says Salam, a 30-year-old graduate. "Having a bicycle is life-saving here."

[10]A bus station with old buses, markets traders and some people with bicycles in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Environmental sustainability has long been promoted by the government. This has included limiting plastic production and usage, reforestation campaigns, safeguarding the countryʼs green areas and distributing bikes imported from Dubai and China.

[11]People with bicycles walking past street stalls in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

For many Eritreans money is tight, and even if vehicles are available, bicycles remain the most affordable mode of transport.

[12]A man cycling past a market in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

The recent peace deal with Ethiopia in July 2018 [13]resulted in the border opening for the first time in 20 years. Now cheap Ethiopian merchandise is sold all over the country, lowering the cost of living.

[14]People and someone with a bicycle walking past a street stall selling tupperware in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

A combination of conflict, diplomatic isolation and UN sanctions, [15]lifted after nine years last November, means there are still shortages of many products. Lack of fuel has resulted in cars and buses often having to be parked up for a long time, leaving people few choices other than walking or pedalling to get around.

[16]A donkey on a street with several bicycles in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Cycling is the most popular sport among Eritreans. Introduced by the Italians, competitive cycling is a source of pride among the population. The Eritrean national team, which includes Mosana Debesay pictured below in Austria last September, is extremely successful in international races.

[17]Mosana Debesay of Eritrea at the 91st UCI Road World Championships 2018 on 25 September 2018 in Innsbruck, Austria Image copyright Getty Images

The recent rapprochement with Ethiopia has left many Eritreans hoping that the economy can develop faster, making everyday life in Asmara easier.

[18]x Image copyright Milena Belloni

By anthropologist Milena Belloni and journalist James Jeffrey

References

Visible links
6. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-40544406
13. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-45475876
15. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-46193273

HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 84 - Loop: 138 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 59

 

Cycling heaven: The African capital with 'no traffic'


How Asmara in Eritrea unintentionally became a cycling paradise.
Article word count: 566

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19497878
Posted by nairteashop (karma: 1172)
Post stats: Points: 97 - Comments: 60 - 2019-03-27T03:07:21Z

#HackerNews #african #capital #cycling #heaven #the #traffic #with
Article content:




[1]Cyclists in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

A combination of factors ranging from conflict to diplomatic isolation have unintentionally turned the Eritrean capital into a cycling paradise.

Asmara only has about 500,000 inhabitants, which combined with low salaries, high import taxes and fuel shortages means the city has few vehicles. Those you do see often tend to be from a different age.

[2]Cyclists in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni [3]A donkey cart on a road in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Roads are not only relatively empty of cars. Locals lament the departure of great numbers of young Eritreans who have left over the last 20 years because of hardships brought by regional conflicts and enforced national service under a government that brooks little dissent.

[4]Liberty Avenue in Asmara, Eritrea pictured in August 2018

As a result of its circumstances, Asmara offers a very different landscape compared to many African cities congested with traffic. This, combined with the wonderful climate, makes it a dream for cyclists to get around. "Cycling is part of our culture," says a 25-year-old man.

[5]A man on a bicycle riding past a street market in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Asmaraʼs architecture is also admired and it was recently [6]made a Unesco World Heritage Site for its striking art deco buildings, a legacy of the countryʼs time as an Italian colony from 1897 until 1943.

[7]A street scene in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Bike repair shops abound all over Asmara. Eritrea has a long history of self-reliance that began during its 30-year war for independence from Ethiopia, after which its international isolation has made importing bicycles and spare parts extremely expensive.

[8]A bicycle repair stall in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Eritreans ride bicycles of all kinds and colours: mountain-bikes, city bikes, racing bikes. Young and old, women and men, athletes and housewives - all seem to embrace the "bicicletta", the word for bicycle in the local language, Tigrinya, that is borrowed from Italian.

[9]A man on a bicycle riding past a bike repair shop in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Those who rely on public transport have to endure long waits before jumping on an extremely crowded bus. "Buses are so old and so few," says Salam, a 30-year-old graduate. "Having a bicycle is life-saving here."

[10]A bus station with old buses, markets traders and some people with bicycles in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Environmental sustainability has long been promoted by the government. This has included limiting plastic production and usage, reforestation campaigns, safeguarding the countryʼs green areas and distributing bikes imported from Dubai and China.

[11]People with bicycles walking past street stalls in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

For many Eritreans money is tight, and even if vehicles are available, bicycles remain the most affordable mode of transport.

[12]A man cycling past a market in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

The recent peace deal with Ethiopia in July 2018 [13]resulted in the border opening for the first time in 20 years. Now cheap Ethiopian merchandise is sold all over the country, lowering the cost of living.

[14]People and someone with a bicycle walking past a street stall selling tupperware in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

A combination of conflict, diplomatic isolation and UN sanctions, [15]lifted after nine years last November, means there are still shortages of many products. Lack of fuel has resulted in cars and buses often having to be parked up for a long time, leaving people few choices other than walking or pedalling to get around.

[16]A donkey on a street with several bicycles in Asmara, Eritrea Image copyright Milena Belloni

Cycling is the most popular sport among Eritreans. Introduced by the Italians, competitive cycling is a source of pride among the population. The Eritrean national team, which includes Mosana Debesay pictured below in Austria last September, is extremely successful in international races.

[17]Mosana Debesay of Eritrea at the 91st UCI Road World Championships 2018 on 25 September 2018 in Innsbruck, Austria Image copyright Getty Images

The recent rapprochement with Ethiopia has left many Eritreans hoping that the economy can develop faster, making everyday life in Asmara easier.

[18]x Image copyright Milena Belloni

By anthropologist Milena Belloni and journalist James Jeffrey

References

Visible links
6. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-40544406
13. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-45475876
15. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-46193273

HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 84 - Loop: 138 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 59

 
By Manuel Nöbauer



2019-03-09T11:30:42-05:00

I’ve been on holiday in Austria, Styria. In the evening iI went out of our house and saw a beautiful sunset shining on this wood, I quickly pulled out my phone and made this great picture!

Location: Austria

Source: https://unsplash.com/photos/r2d3Aff2SWM
Full image: Link

Via Unsplash.com

\#photography #CC0 #Unsplash #APIRandom #Ive #been #on #holiday #in #Austria #Styria #In #the #evening #iI #went #out #of #our #house #and #saw #a #beautiful #sunset #shining #on #this #wood #I #quickly #pulled #out #my #phone #and #made #this #great #picture #Austria

 
By Manuel Nöbauer



2019-03-09T11:30:42-05:00

I’ve been on holiday in Austria, Styria. In the evening iI went out of our house and saw a beautiful sunset shining on this wood, I quickly pulled out my phone and made this great picture!

Location: Austria

Source: https://unsplash.com/photos/r2d3Aff2SWM
Full image: Link

Via Unsplash.com

\#photography #CC0 #Unsplash #APIRandom #Ive #been #on #holiday #in #Austria #Styria #In #the #evening #iI #went #out #of #our #house #and #saw #a #beautiful #sunset #shining #on #this #wood #I #quickly #pulled #out #my #phone #and #made #this #great #picture #Austria

 

Commento: The Open Source Disqus Alternative


Commento is an open-source commenting platform developed by a programmer named Adhityaa Chandrasekar. The self-hosted version was launched in April 2017 and hosted service was released in February…

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19439433
Posted by August-Garcia (karma: 277)
Post stats: Points: 132 - Comments: 44 - 2019-03-20T06:00:14Z

\#HackerNews #alternative #commento #disqus #open #source #the
Article content:




Commento is an open-source commenting platform developed by a programmer named Adhityaa Chandrasekar. The self-hosted version was launched in April 2017 and hosted service was released in February 2019. Commento is intended to offer a lightweight and private alternative to Disqus, Facebook Comments, and other commenting platforms.

Like most commenting platforms, Commento can be embedded into your blog or website for readers to use. It includes many standard features, such as the ability to sticky comments to the top of the thread, upvote and downvote comments, nest threads and responses, markdown support for formatting text, and spam detection and other moderation tools.

[1]Here is a live Commento demo that allows potential new users to interact with the interface.

Now that we know what features Commento has in common with other platforms, what does it do differently?

Commento is lighter and faster than pretty much any comparable platform.

Adhityaa Chandrasekar, who goes by “adtac” online, said the following in a Reddit thread promoting Commento:
Every embedded Disqus frame makes about 90 network requests, injecting so many third-party tracking scripts. Facebook comments is equally worse with 1.5+ MB of data download. 

 Commento is pretty lightweight and fast. The total payload is ~15 kB (and Iʼm working on reducing that to under 7 kB). The demo server is running on 240k of RAM. Benchmarking on a server 15,000 km away (behind nginx) with wrk: it was able to handle 2k+ requests/second. Itʼs dockerized too! :) 

 Source: [2]Reddit

This thread was made on November 27, 2017. Since then, adtac has succeeded in reducing download to just 11 kB and isn’t done yet.

What About Other Open Source Options?

Even compared to other open source Disqus alternatives, such as Isso and Schnack, Commento is much faster and requires less download data and RAM.

adtac provided the following comparisons in the aforementioned Reddit thread. As Commeto has only gotten smaller since then, it’s probable that this data has changed slightly:

[3]The Commento website makes the following promise:

“Commento has not, does not, and will not gather your personal information to sell to advertisers, third-party trackers, or other organisations.”

Although many platforms rely on advertisements and selling personal to make revenue, Commento does not. Commento [4]operates under the belief that once your private information is released, there is no way to undo this. Because of that, it is important to begin prioritizing privacy and safety before it becomes an issue.

Because Commento is [5]free and open-source, anyone can download the software from and host it on their own server. This can be a great option for people who are familiar with basic coding and server upkeep.

There is also a paid version of Commento which [6]has very flexible payment options. People who purchase the service will have server hosting, updates, and security all taken care of for them. This is perfect for people that do not have the expertise or time to manage the server themselves. All plans (paid and self-hosted) have the same features included.

Larger and more corporate services like Disqus typically have basic plans which are completely free and in which they host it on their servers. Why then, does Commento charge for theirs?

adtac has explained that because servers take money to host and maintain, it is not sustainable to offer this service completely for free. Platforms like Disqus can afford to offer basic plans for free because they are making money from advertisements regardless. Again, Commento does not run ads or sell user info, so a small subscription fee is required to cover basic costs.

Depending on your personal views, paying $5 per month for the hosted service could be very worth it, considering the better speed, increased privacy, and knowledge that you are supporting open source software.

Additional Resources

References

Visible links
1. https://demo.commento.io/#commento-login-box-container
2. https://www.reddit.com/r/selfhosted/comments/7fx99u/commento_is_a_lightweight_privacyfocused/
3. https://commento.io/
4. https://docs.commento.io/
5. https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.en.html
6. https://commento.io/pricing

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Commento: The Open Source Disqus Alternative


Commento is an open-source commenting platform developed by a programmer named Adhityaa Chandrasekar. The self-hosted version was launched in April 2017 and hosted service was released in February…

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19439433
Posted by August-Garcia (karma: 277)
Post stats: Points: 132 - Comments: 44 - 2019-03-20T06:00:14Z

\#HackerNews #alternative #commento #disqus #open #source #the
Article content:




Commento is an open-source commenting platform developed by a programmer named Adhityaa Chandrasekar. The self-hosted version was launched in April 2017 and hosted service was released in February 2019. Commento is intended to offer a lightweight and private alternative to Disqus, Facebook Comments, and other commenting platforms.

Like most commenting platforms, Commento can be embedded into your blog or website for readers to use. It includes many standard features, such as the ability to sticky comments to the top of the thread, upvote and downvote comments, nest threads and responses, markdown support for formatting text, and spam detection and other moderation tools.

[1]Here is a live Commento demo that allows potential new users to interact with the interface.

Now that we know what features Commento has in common with other platforms, what does it do differently?

Commento is lighter and faster than pretty much any comparable platform.

Adhityaa Chandrasekar, who goes by “adtac” online, said the following in a Reddit thread promoting Commento:
Every embedded Disqus frame makes about 90 network requests, injecting so many third-party tracking scripts. Facebook comments is equally worse with 1.5+ MB of data download. 

 Commento is pretty lightweight and fast. The total payload is ~15 kB (and Iʼm working on reducing that to under 7 kB). The demo server is running on 240k of RAM. Benchmarking on a server 15,000 km away (behind nginx) with wrk: it was able to handle 2k+ requests/second. Itʼs dockerized too! :) 

 Source: [2]Reddit

This thread was made on November 27, 2017. Since then, adtac has succeeded in reducing download to just 11 kB and isn’t done yet.

What About Other Open Source Options?

Even compared to other open source Disqus alternatives, such as Isso and Schnack, Commento is much faster and requires less download data and RAM.

adtac provided the following comparisons in the aforementioned Reddit thread. As Commeto has only gotten smaller since then, it’s probable that this data has changed slightly:

[3]The Commento website makes the following promise:

“Commento has not, does not, and will not gather your personal information to sell to advertisers, third-party trackers, or other organisations.”

Although many platforms rely on advertisements and selling personal to make revenue, Commento does not. Commento [4]operates under the belief that once your private information is released, there is no way to undo this. Because of that, it is important to begin prioritizing privacy and safety before it becomes an issue.

Because Commento is [5]free and open-source, anyone can download the software from and host it on their own server. This can be a great option for people who are familiar with basic coding and server upkeep.

There is also a paid version of Commento which [6]has very flexible payment options. People who purchase the service will have server hosting, updates, and security all taken care of for them. This is perfect for people that do not have the expertise or time to manage the server themselves. All plans (paid and self-hosted) have the same features included.

Larger and more corporate services like Disqus typically have basic plans which are completely free and in which they host it on their servers. Why then, does Commento charge for theirs?

adtac has explained that because servers take money to host and maintain, it is not sustainable to offer this service completely for free. Platforms like Disqus can afford to offer basic plans for free because they are making money from advertisements regardless. Again, Commento does not run ads or sell user info, so a small subscription fee is required to cover basic costs.

Depending on your personal views, paying $5 per month for the hosted service could be very worth it, considering the better speed, increased privacy, and knowledge that you are supporting open source software.

Additional Resources

References

Visible links
1. https://demo.commento.io/#commento-login-box-container
2. https://www.reddit.com/r/selfhosted/comments/7fx99u/commento_is_a_lightweight_privacyfocused/
3. https://commento.io/
4. https://docs.commento.io/
5. https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.en.html
6. https://commento.io/pricing

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#The WeightOfLight #ScienceFiction #Storysammlung #SF #Anthologie Kostenlose SF-Anthologie zu Solarenergie: THE WEIGHT OF LIGHT - PhantaNews

Bild/Foto
Der komplette Titel der von der Arizona State University herausgegebenen SF-Storysammlung lautet: THE WEIGHT OF LIGHT: A COLLECTION OF SOLAR FUTURES. Die Anthologie betrachtet die Frage, wie eine Welt aussehen würde, die ihre Energie komplett aus Solaren Quellen bezieht.

 
#The WeightOfLight #ScienceFiction #Storysammlung #SF #Anthologie Kostenlose SF-Anthologie zu Solarenergie: THE WEIGHT OF LIGHT - PhantaNews

Bild/Foto
Der komplette Titel der von der Arizona State University herausgegebenen SF-Storysammlung lautet: THE WEIGHT OF LIGHT: A COLLECTION OF SOLAR FUTURES. Die Anthologie betrachtet die Frage, wie eine Welt aussehen würde, die ihre Energie komplett aus Solaren Quellen bezieht.

 

Remove.bg – A service to remove the background of any photo


Remove Image Background: 100% automatically – in 5 seconds – without a single click
Article word count: 62

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19418244
Posted by August-Garcia (karma: 204)
Post stats: Points: 178 - Comments: 41 - 2019-03-18T02:18:26Z

\#HackerNews #any #background #photo #remove #removebg #service #the
Article content:




Whether you are a graphic designer, photographer or selfie lover: Removing backgrounds has never been easier.

Spending hour after hour separating foregrounds from backgrounds? Thereʼs a better way now - and itʼs FREE.

Aside from the image file, remove.bg requires no further input: No selecting pixels, no marking persons, nothing.

[1]As seen on
[2]As seen on

Check out these sample pictures or [3]try your own!

[4]Upload an image

References

Visible links
3. https://remove.bg/#
4. https://remove.bg/#

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A meteorite hit the moon during yesterday's total lunar eclipse


People watching the total lunar eclipse in the early hours of Monday morning noticed a brief flash of light, which has now been confirmed as a meteorite impact
Article word count: 389

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=18972516
Posted by curtis (karma: 21882)
Post stats: Points: 167 - Comments: 25 - 2019-01-22T21:11:20Z

\#HackerNews #during #eclipse #hit #lunar #meteorite #moon #the #total #yesterdays
Article content:




[1]The meteorite impact caused a bright flash, indicated by the arrow
The meteorite impact caused a bright flash, indicated by the arrow

Jose M. Madiedo

By Chris Baraniuk

Observers of yesterday’s lunar eclipse were blessed with the first known sighting of a meteorite impact during such an event.

The so-called “[2]super wolf blood moon” was eagerly watched by millions of people around the world, mostly via live streaming video. During the eclipse, some people noticed a tiny flash, a brief yellow-white speck, popping up on the lunar surface during the online broadcasts.

One Reddit user [3]raised the possibility that this was a meteorite impact and others scoured eclipse footage for evidence of the event. A flash is visible in at least [4]three [5]different [6]videos.
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[7]Jose Maria Madiedo at the University of Huelva in Spain has confirmed that the impact is genuine. For years, he and his colleagues have been hoping to observe a meteorite impact on the moon during a lunar eclipse, but the brightness of these events can make that very difficult – lunar meteorite impacts [8]have been filmed before, but not during an eclipse.
Read more: [9]NASA puzzles over ‘invisible’ moon impact

On this occasion, Madiedo doubled the number of telescopes trained on different parts of the moon – from four to eight – in the hope of seeing an impact. “I had a feeling, this time will be the time it will happen,” says Madiedo.

After the eclipse, software automatically pinpointed a flash in imagery recorded by several of his telescopes. This helps to confirm that the flashes seen by live stream-watchers were not just optical anomalies on camera sensors.

“I was really, really happy when this happened,” says Madiedo. He notes that the flash was quite bright and it struck the moon at a moment when the eclipse was not overly luminous itself, perhaps making the strike easier to detect.

Although he has not yet formally calculated an estimate for the size of the space rock that collided with the moon, Madiedo thinks it probably weighed about two kilograms and was roughly the size of a football.

“The combination of a darkened surface and a lot of people watching made it much more likely that the flash of impact was seen – and it reminds us that the solar system is still a very dynamic place,” says Robert Massey at the Royal Astronomical Society.

More on these topics:

References

Visible links
2. https://edition.cnn.com/2019/01/21/health/super-blood-wolf-moon-sightings-scli-intl/index.html
3. https://www.reddit.com/r/space/comments/ai79zy/possible_meteor_impact_on_moon_during_the_eclipse/
4.
5.
6.
7. https://www.iau.org/administration/membership/individual/16622/
8. https://www.theguardian.com/science/video/2014/feb/24/meteorite-hits-moon-lunar-impact-video
9. https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17951-nasa-puzzles-over-invisible-moon-impact/

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