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30.07.2021

P R E S S E M I T T E I L U N G

Wau Holland, Wegbegleiter des Datenschutzes, in der Kino-Dokumentation "Alles ist eins. Außer der 0."

Vor 20 Jahren ist Wau Holland gestorben. Er war Mitgründer des Chaos Computer Clubs und Wegbegleiter des Datenschutzes – auch in Schleswig-Holstein. Jetzt kommen Filmdokumente mit ihm und über ihn in die Kinos.

Am 29. Juli 2021, dem 20. Todestag von Wau Holland, hatte die Dokumentation „Alles ist eins. Außer der 0.“ Premiere. Der Film begleitet Wau Holland ab den frühen 1980er Jahren bis zu seinem Tod. Seine Lebensgeschichte wird verbunden mit dem Chaos Computer Club (CCC), der deutschen #Netzpolitik und der rasanten Entwicklung der #Digitaltechnik. Den Bogen zur heutigen Zeit spannt der Film mit Darstellungen zu den Enthüllungen von Edward #Snowden und Chelsea #Manning, zu #Wikileaks und Julian #Assange und zu heutigen biometrischen Überwachungsmöglichkeiten.

Der Journalist Wau Holland – eigentlich Herwart Holland-Moritz – gehörte zu den Gründern des #CCC. Die bis heute gültige Forderung des CCC „Öffentliche Daten nützen, private Daten schützen“ verdeutlicht die Wichtigkeit von #Informationsfreiheit auf der einen Seite und #Datenschutz auf der anderen Seite.

Marit Hansen, die Landesbeauftragte für Datenschutz Schleswig-Holstein, ist eine der Filmpatinnen und Filmpaten. Sie erinnert sich noch gut an ihre Begegnungen mit Wau Holland. Sie erlebte ihn in den 1990er Jahren bei Veranstaltungen wie dem Chaos Computer Congress in #Hamburg, den Kieler Netztagen oder der Datenschutz-Sommerakademie ihrer Dienststelle. „Ob als geladener Gast in einer Podiumsdiskussion oder im privaten Kreis – Wau hatte immer etwas zu sagen, das einen zum Weiterdenken brachte: Komplexe Systeme lassen sich schwer – oder gar nicht – beherrschen. Aus Daten mit lächerlich geringem Informationsgehalt kann man ein detailliertes Bild über eine Person konstruieren. Dieses Bild muss aber gar nicht stimmen. Mit Auslassung von Informationen kann man manipulieren.“

Berührungsängste mit den „Hackern“ oder „Komputerfrieks“ hatten die schleswig-holsteinischen Datenschützer nicht. Hansen erinnert sich: „Bei unserer Sommerakademie 1998 zum Thema ‚Der neue Datenschutz‘ in #Kiel machte Wau Holland das Jahr 1995 als Wendepunkt aus. Seitdem wurden die Beiträge der Nutzenden ziemlich vollständig gespeichert und in durchsuchbaren Archiven – damals: #DejaNews – gesammelt. Die Masse der Informationen wurde größer. Die schnelleren Computer ermöglichten Analysen zu beliebigen Zwecken. Die Nachvollziehbarkeit der Datensammlungen und -auswertungen stand in Frage.“ Menschen wie Wau Holland erahnten damals schon die Effekte von Big Data und künstlicher Intelligenz, die wir heute immer mehr erleben.

Wau Holland war nicht nur Visionär, sondern hatte auch Vorreiter im Bereich #Medienkompetenz. In einem Interview aus dem Jahr 1999 berichtet er, dass in #England die Kinder seit 1984 bereits ab der ersten Klasse Computer-Unterricht hätten, während in Deutschland #Informatik im Schul- und Bildungsbereich viel zu wenig vorkomme. Hansen erläutert dies: „Wer Wau zuhörte, wusste, dass es ihm nicht nur um die Benutzung der Technik ging, sondern um das Verständnis für das gesamte technische System und die gesellschaftlichen Implikationen. Jetzt, mehr als zwei Jahrzehnte später, ist dies erfreulicherweise keine revolutionäre Forderung mehr, aber in der Umsetzung hapert es immer noch.“

Der Film „Alles ist eins. Außer der 0.“ macht diese Herausforderungen erfahrbar anhand von vielfältigen Einspielern und Zeitdokumenten. Hansen betont: „Es ist wichtig, in der Geschichte zurückzuschauen, um einiges besser zu verstehen und daraus zu lernen. Doch es ist kein bequemer Film, mit dem man sich berieseln lassen kann: In der heutigen Realität von Informationsfreiheit und Datenschutz sind die Probleme nach wie vor sehr relevant und längst nicht gelöst. Die aktuelle Entwicklung ist besorgniserregend, wie die Nachrichten über die Ausnutzung von Sicherheitslücken mit der Spionagesoftware „ #Pegasus#“ auch in #Europa, über die Kontrolle privater Chat-Nachrichten oder über politische Beschlüsse zur Staatstrojanern oder #Vorratsdatenspeicherung zeigen.“

Informationen über den Film „Alles ist eins. Außer der 0.“:
https://allesisteins.film/

Termin mit Kurzvorstellung der Regisseurin und Möglichkeit für Fragen:
30.07.2021, 20:00 Uhr, Kino in der Pumpe, Kiel – mit Tanja Schwerdorf

Termin mit Kurzvorstellung der Filmpatin:
31.07.2021, 19:00 Uhr, Kino in der Pumpe, Kiel – mit Marit Hansen

Weitere Termine siehe:
https://www.ccc.de/de/updates/2021/allesisteins

Bei Nachfragen wenden Sie sich bitte an:

Die Landesbeauftragte für Datenschutz Schleswig-Holstein
Unabhängiges Landeszentrum für Datenschutz Schleswig-Holstein
Holstenstraße 98, 24103 Kiel
Tel: 0431 988-1200, Fax: -1223
E-Mail: mail@datenschutzzentrum.de
https://www.datenschutzzentrum.de/
 
Has the Labour party of the UK whom Harold Wilson was presiding over at the breakout of the Biafran War of 1967 ever acknowledged the part they played in a great loss of innocent lives?

#News #History #War #Africa #UK #England #Britain #Europe #Earth #Biafra #Justice #Genocide #Extermicide #Africa #Nigeria #CurrentAffairs
 
Lindisfarne Castle and Holy Island. The island is tidal, accessible only at low tide. Lindisfarne Castle, the highest point on the island, was built in the 16th-century.

More photos here for you -> https://www.iancylkowski.com/blog/2021/7/15/castles-circles-northumberland-summer 👍

#landscape #architecture #history #uk #travel #nature #photography #photo #photographie #england #britain
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So nah dran war #England selten, ich dachte, dieses Mal könnte es klappen....
#Italien ist #Fußballeuropameister der Jungs, Glückwunsch

#em #euro2020 #itaeng 3:2 nach #Elfmeterschießen
 
Tonight 9 pm CET in #London: #UEFA European #Soccer Championship #semifinal #England vs #Denmark. Song from the 90ies:
 
The annoying #german #soccer #nationalism has come to an end, thank you #England!
 
Unspektakulär, gemütlich raus. Warum auch immer rund 70 Minuten nichts passiert, um nach gegnerischem Tor zu merken, dass die Zeit nicht mehr reicht.

Es ist nicht mal richtig ärgerlich, es lief einfach so aus.

#England ist verdient im Viertelfinale.
#engger 2:0 #euro2020 #em
 
Scientists from #Germany, #Austria, #Belgium and #Norway used machine learning with 100.000 runs trying to predict the outcome of european #soccer championship, which starts tonight.

#France, #England and #Spain with best chances. Article in german on #Nordstadtblogger
Wissenschaftliche Prognose zur Fußball-EM: Frankreich wird nach 100.000 Simulationen Europameister
 

#NHS in #England and #Wales treated fewest ever #violence-related #injuries in #2020 | #Crime | The Guardian


One of the benefits of not having the opportunity to start a fight outside a pub.

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2021/may/12/nhs-in-england-and-wales-treated-fewest-ever-violence-related-injuries-in-2020

#UK #Lockdown
 

#NHS in #England and #Wales treated fewest ever #violence-related #injuries in #2020 | #Crime | The Guardian


One of the benefits of not having the opportunity to start a fight outside a pub.

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2021/may/12/nhs-in-england-and-wales-treated-fewest-ever-violence-related-injuries-in-2020

#UK #Lockdown
 
New work AND a new place! This is Roundsea Mosses & Woods Nature Reserve in Cumbria.

A place of bog, woods, and sea. 👍

Loads more photos from this hike here, if you’re interested -> https://www.iancylkowski.com/blog/2021/4/17/roudsea-wood-mosses-cumbria-spring

#lansdcape #photography #photo #photographie #nature #travel #spring #cumbria #uk #britain #england
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It’s thankfully started being brighter and dryer in the last few days, so we’ve been using the increasingly longer days to get some post-work wandering and photography done. 👍

There’s more from this hike here, if you’re interested -> https://www.iancylkowski.com/blog/2021/3/17/pandemic-peregrinations-serpentine-woods-spring-cumbria

#landscape #photo #photographie #photography #spring #cumbria #nature #travel #uk #britain #england
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Meteorite Older Than the Sun Found in a U.K. Driveway


Andrew Heinzman
@andrew_andrew__
Mar 13, 2021, 10:24 am EST | 1 min read
A photo of the rare meteorite that landed in a UK driveway.
Natural History Museum

There are two ways to get your hands on a meteorite. You can send up a billion-dollar robot to retrieve asteroid samples, or you can wait for a friendly space rock land at your doorstep for free. The latter option happened on February 28th, when a rare meteorite from the early solar system landed in a driveway in Winchcombe, England.

Scientists call this kind of meteorite “carbonaceous chondrite.” It contains a lot of carbon, so it looks a lot like coal, but carbonaceous chondrite actually dates back to the beginnings of our solar system and could help us understand Earth and other planets came to be. If this is like other samples of carbonaceous chondrite, it should also contain bits of diamond, graphite, and soft clay—a sign that the rock encountered water at some point.

Residents of Winchcombe, England, noticed a fireball reigning down before exploding in the sky the night of Sunday, February 28th. The next day, someone found the rock in their driveway, bagged it up, and contacted the U.K. Meteor Observation Network.

As noted by the Natural History Museum, the Winchcombe Meteorite is significantly larger than rocks collected by billion-dollar space probes. The Hayabusa2 probe returned to Earth last year with just 4.5 grams of asteroid rock, while the OSIRIS-REx probe is expected to return in 2023 with 60 grams of rock. But the Winchcombe Meteorite is 300 grams. Good things come to those who wait, I guess.
https://www.reviewgeek.com/73825/meteorite-older-than-the-sun-found-in-a-uk-driveway/

#Space #Meteorite #England #UK
 

Meteorite Older Than the Sun Found in a U.K. Driveway


Andrew Heinzman
@andrew_andrew__
Mar 13, 2021, 10:24 am EST | 1 min read
A photo of the rare meteorite that landed in a UK driveway.
Natural History Museum

There are two ways to get your hands on a meteorite. You can send up a billion-dollar robot to retrieve asteroid samples, or you can wait for a friendly space rock land at your doorstep for free. The latter option happened on February 28th, when a rare meteorite from the early solar system landed in a driveway in Winchcombe, England.

Scientists call this kind of meteorite “carbonaceous chondrite.” It contains a lot of carbon, so it looks a lot like coal, but carbonaceous chondrite actually dates back to the beginnings of our solar system and could help us understand Earth and other planets came to be. If this is like other samples of carbonaceous chondrite, it should also contain bits of diamond, graphite, and soft clay—a sign that the rock encountered water at some point.

Residents of Winchcombe, England, noticed a fireball reigning down before exploding in the sky the night of Sunday, February 28th. The next day, someone found the rock in their driveway, bagged it up, and contacted the U.K. Meteor Observation Network.

As noted by the Natural History Museum, the Winchcombe Meteorite is significantly larger than rocks collected by billion-dollar space probes. The Hayabusa2 probe returned to Earth last year with just 4.5 grams of asteroid rock, while the OSIRIS-REx probe is expected to return in 2023 with 60 grams of rock. But the Winchcombe Meteorite is 300 grams. Good things come to those who wait, I guess.
https://www.reviewgeek.com/73825/meteorite-older-than-the-sun-found-in-a-uk-driveway/

#Space #Meteorite #England #UK
 

Meteorite Older Than the Sun Found in a U.K. Driveway


Andrew Heinzman
@andrew_andrew__
Mar 13, 2021, 10:24 am EST | 1 min read
A photo of the rare meteorite that landed in a UK driveway.
Natural History Museum

There are two ways to get your hands on a meteorite. You can send up a billion-dollar robot to retrieve asteroid samples, or you can wait for a friendly space rock land at your doorstep for free. The latter option happened on February 28th, when a rare meteorite from the early solar system landed in a driveway in Winchcombe, England.

Scientists call this kind of meteorite “carbonaceous chondrite.” It contains a lot of carbon, so it looks a lot like coal, but carbonaceous chondrite actually dates back to the beginnings of our solar system and could help us understand Earth and other planets came to be. If this is like other samples of carbonaceous chondrite, it should also contain bits of diamond, graphite, and soft clay—a sign that the rock encountered water at some point.

Residents of Winchcombe, England, noticed a fireball reigning down before exploding in the sky the night of Sunday, February 28th. The next day, someone found the rock in their driveway, bagged it up, and contacted the U.K. Meteor Observation Network.

As noted by the Natural History Museum, the Winchcombe Meteorite is significantly larger than rocks collected by billion-dollar space probes. The Hayabusa2 probe returned to Earth last year with just 4.5 grams of asteroid rock, while the OSIRIS-REx probe is expected to return in 2023 with 60 grams of rock. But the Winchcombe Meteorite is 300 grams. Good things come to those who wait, I guess.
https://www.reviewgeek.com/73825/meteorite-older-than-the-sun-found-in-a-uk-driveway/

#Space #Meteorite #England #UK
 
Some actual new work! Not a new location unfortunately, have to wait for Lockdown to end first.

Today the weather was actually really nice, and properly started to feel like spring.

Loads more photos from this can be found here, if you’re bored https://www.iancylkowski.com/blog/2021/2/21/095nr2ngc06nu8iiioombm99sibgqh 👍

#landscape #nature #travel #photography #photo #photographie #winter #spring #cumbria #uk #britain #england
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Schau dir "If Jaws (1975) were set in the North East of England." auf YouTube an

Too funny!
#England #jaws #humor
 

#Facebook apologises for flagging #PlymouthHoe as offensive term | #Plymouth | The Guardian


Facebook really is run by a bunch of cowboys.

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2021/jan/27/facebook-apologises-flagging-plymouth-hoe-offensive-term

#UK #England #Devon
 

#Facebook apologises for flagging #PlymouthHoe as offensive term | #Plymouth | The Guardian


Facebook really is run by a bunch of cowboys.

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2021/jan/27/facebook-apologises-flagging-plymouth-hoe-offensive-term

#UK #England #Devon
 

Danke Brexit!!!!


Ich warte fast eine Woche auf meine engliche Wochenzeitung, die donnerstags rauskommt.
Bis heute ist sie nicht bei mir angekommen!

Danke, Brexit für diesen Mist!

Ach ja,
vielen in Schottland geht es genauso:

https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/brexit-behindert-den-handel-die-wut-der-britischen-fischer.795.de.html?dram:article_id=491225

#brexit #england #eu #schottland
 

Corona-Dämmerung: WHO entzieht „epidemischer Notlage“ den Boden, Gerichte zerlegen verfassungswidrigen Lockdown


https://www.ddbnews.de/corona-daemmerung-who-entzieht-epidemischer-notlage-den-boden-gerichte-zerlegen-verfassungswidrigen-lockdown/
January 22, 2021, London, United Kingdom: The word Hope seen displayed in a quiet Piccadilly Circus, London..England remains under lockdown as the government battles to keep the coronavirus pandemic under control. London United Kingdom - ZUMAs197 20210122_zaa_s197_068 Copyright: xVukxValcicx
Gleich zwei nachgerade sensationelle Nachrichten ließen in den letzten zwei Tagen aufhorchen, die eigentlich gewaltige innere Sprengkraft entfalten sollten – weil sie das Potential haben, die gesamte Corona-Pandemie und alle staatlichen Restriktionen zu beenden: Die WHO erklärt faktisch, dass die PCR-Tests als Datengrundlage des Pandemiegeschehens nur sehr eingeschränkt taugen. Und ein Weimarer Richter erklärt die gesamte Lockdown-Politik zur verfassungswidrigen, katastrophalen Fehlentscheidung.

#Corona #WHO #epidemischerNotlage #Gerichte #verfassungswidrig #Lockdown #London #UnitedKingdom #England #coronavirus #pandemic #Corona-Pandemie #Pandemie #PCR-Test #Weimar #Richter
 

Corona-Dämmerung: WHO entzieht „epidemischer Notlage“ den Boden, Gerichte zerlegen verfassungswidrigen Lockdown


https://www.ddbnews.de/corona-daemmerung-who-entzieht-epidemischer-notlage-den-boden-gerichte-zerlegen-verfassungswidrigen-lockdown/
January 22, 2021, London, United Kingdom: The word Hope seen displayed in a quiet Piccadilly Circus, London..England remains under lockdown as the government battles to keep the coronavirus pandemic under control. London United Kingdom - ZUMAs197 20210122_zaa_s197_068 Copyright: xVukxValcicx
Gleich zwei nachgerade sensationelle Nachrichten ließen in den letzten zwei Tagen aufhorchen, die eigentlich gewaltige innere Sprengkraft entfalten sollten – weil sie das Potential haben, die gesamte Corona-Pandemie und alle staatlichen Restriktionen zu beenden: Die WHO erklärt faktisch, dass die PCR-Tests als Datengrundlage des Pandemiegeschehens nur sehr eingeschränkt taugen. Und ein Weimarer Richter erklärt die gesamte Lockdown-Politik zur verfassungswidrigen, katastrophalen Fehlentscheidung.

#Corona #WHO #epidemischerNotlage #Gerichte #verfassungswidrig #Lockdown #London #UnitedKingdom #England #coronavirus #pandemic #Corona-Pandemie #Pandemie #PCR-Test #Weimar #Richter
 

#GPs in #England see big drop in #CommonCold and #flu cases | World news | The Guardian


Well of course they have. We're in lockdown, social distancing and wearing masks. Well, the majority at least. If you needed a year to act as a control for how such diseases spread, well this is it.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jan/10/gp-england-drop-common-cold-flu-cases-coronavirus-restrictions

#UK
 

#GPs in #England see big drop in #CommonCold and #flu cases | World news | The Guardian


Well of course they have. We're in lockdown, social distancing and wearing masks. Well, the majority at least. If you needed a year to act as a control for how such diseases spread, well this is it.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jan/10/gp-england-drop-common-cold-flu-cases-coronavirus-restrictions

#UK
 
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On this day, 9 October 1945, the UK Labour government defended its imprisonment of 226 Spanish civil war and anti-Nazi resistance fighters, describing them as "serving members of an enemy paramilitary organisation". The men had been interned in France, but escaped and joined the resistance. They were then captured by the Germans and upon "liberation" they were rounded up and sent to a concentration camp in Lancashire, England. One internee, Agustin Soler, killed himself and others like Eustagio Bustos were driven mad by the persecution. Later, the Labour government deported dozens of anti-fascists who had fled Spain back to the country for torture and probable death.

More info here: https://libcom.org/history/spanish-anti-fascist-prisoners-war-lancashire-1944-46

Pictured: Spanish Republicans interned in Chorley


#spain #resistance #labour #uk #neverforget #antifa #anti-fascist
#france #england #Lancashire #photo #photography #history
 
With greetings to all those ********** protesting against the Covid-19 measures in London (and possibly elsewhere). But then again they will probably claim he's a paid actor and it's all a plot by the evil deep state or something.

Chris thought coronavirus was 'bullsh*t'... this is his powerful message from his intensive care bed

#UK #England #Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #NHS
 
With greetings to all those ********** protesting against the Covid-19 measures in London (and possibly elsewhere). But then again they will probably claim he's a paid actor and it's all a plot by the evil deep state or something.

Chris thought coronavirus was 'bullsh*t'... this is his powerful message from his intensive care bed

#UK #England #Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #NHS
 
1925
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On This Day - What Happened Today In History | Britannica


https://www.britannica.com/on-this-day

British actor Peter Sellers, who portrayed an astonishing range of characters but was perhaps best known as inept Inspector Jacques Clouseau in the Pink Panther films, was born.
#OnThisDay #History #Entertainment #Film #England
 
1925
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On This Day - What Happened Today In History | Britannica


https://www.britannica.com/on-this-day

British actor Peter Sellers, who portrayed an astonishing range of characters but was perhaps best known as inept Inspector Jacques Clouseau in the Pink Panther films, was born.
#OnThisDay #History #Entertainment #Film #England
 
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On this day in motoring - Tuesday 18th August 1959


http://www.365daysofmotoring.com/showonthisday/article/12829

On This Day
Tuesday 18th August 1959
61 years ago

The first pictures of BMC’s new compact four-seater Mini, designed by Alec Issigonis, were revealed to the press. Designated by Leonard Lord as project ADO15 (Amalgamated Drawing Office project number 15) and the product of the Morris design team, the Mini came about because of a fuel shortage caused by the 1956 Suez Crisis. Petrol was once again rationed in the UK, sales of large cars slumped, and the market for German bubble cars boomed. Lord, the somewhat autocratic head of BMC, reportedly detested these cars so much that he vowed to rid the streets of them and design a 'proper miniature car'. He laid down some basic design requirements: the car should be contained within a box that measured 10×4×4 feet (3.0×1.2×1.2 m); and the passenger accommodation should occupy 6 feet (1.8 m) of the 10-foot (3.0 m) length; and the engine, for reasons of cost, should be an existing unit. Issigonis, who had been working for Alvis, had been recruited back to BMC in 1955 and, with his skills in designing small cars, was a natural for the task. The team that designed the Mini was remarkably small: as well as Issigonis, there was Jack Daniels (who had worked with him on the Morris Minor), Chris Kingham (who had been with him at Alvis), two engineering students and four draughtsmen. Together, by October 1957, they had designed and built the original prototype, which was affectionately named "The Orange Box" because of its colour. The ADO15 used a conventional BMC A-Series four-cylinder, water-cooled engine, but departed from tradition by mounting it transversely, with the engine-oil-lubricated, four-speed transmission in the sump, and by employing front-wheel drive. Almost all small front-wheel-drive cars developed since have used a similar configuration, except with the transmission usually separately enclosed rather than using the engine oil. The radiator was mounted at the left side of the car so that the engine-mounted fan could be retained, but with reversed pitch so that it blew air into the natural low pressure area under the front wing. This location saved vehicle length, but had the disadvantage of feeding the radiator with air that had been heated by passing over the engine. It also exposed the entire ignition system to the direct ingress of rainwater through the grille. The suspension system, designed by Issigonis's friend Dr. Alex Moulton at Moulton Developments Limited, used compact rubber cones instead of conventional springs. This space-saving design also featured rising progressive-rate springing of the cones, and provided some natural damping, in addition to the normal dampers. Built into the subframes, the rubber cone system gave a raw and bumpy ride accentuated by the woven-webbing seats, but the rigidity of the rubber cones, together with the wheels' positioning at the corners of the car, gave the Mini go kart-like handling. Initially an interconnected fluid system was planned, similar to the one that Alec Issigonis and Alex Moulton were working on in the mid-1950s at Alvis. They had assessed the mechanically interconnected Citroën 2CV suspension at that time (according to an interview by Moulton with Car Magazine in the late 1990s),[citation needed] which inspired the design of the Hydrolastic suspension system for the Mini and Morris/Austin 1100, to try to keep the benefits of the 2CV system (ride comfort, body levelling, keeping the roadwheel under good control and the tyres in contact with the road), but with added roll stiffness that the 2CV lacked. The short development time of the car meant this was not ready in time for the Mini's launch. The system intended for the Mini was further developed and the hydrolastic system was first used on the Morris 1100, launched in 1962; the Mini gained the system later in 1964. Ten-inch (254 mm) wheels were specified, so new tyres had to be developed, the initial contract going to Dunlop. Issigonis went to Dunlop stating that he wanted even smaller, 8 in (203 mm) wheels (even though he had already settled on ten-inch). An agreement was made on the ten-inch size, after Dunlop rejected the eight-inch proposition. Sliding windows allowed storage pockets in the hollow doors; reportedly Issigonis sized them to fit a bottle of Gordon's Gin. The boot lid was hinged at the bottom so that the car could be driven with it open to increase luggage space. On early cars the number plate was hinged at the top so that it could swing down to remain visible when the boot lid was open. This feature was later discontinued after it was discovered that exhaust gases could leak into the cockpit when the boot was open. The Mini was designed as a monocoque shell with welded seams visible on the outside of the car running down the A and C pillars, and between the body and the floor pan. Those that ran from the base of the A-pillar to the wheel well were described as 'everted' (lit., 'turned outward') to provide more room for the front seat occupants. To further simplify construction, the hinges for the doors and boot lid were mounted externally. Production models differed from the prototypes by the addition of front and rear subframes to the unibody to take the suspension loads, and by having the engine mounted the other way round, with the carburettor at the back rather than at the front. This layout required an extra gear between engine and transmission to reverse the direction of rotation at the input to the transmission. Having the carburettor behind the engine reduced carburettor icing, but the distributor was then exposed to water coming in through the grille. The engine size was reduced from 948 to 848 cc (57.9 to 51.7 cu in); this, in conjunction with a small increase in the car's width, cut the top speed from 90 to 72 mph (145 to 116 km/h). In 1959, BMC and Alec Issigonis won the Dewar Trophy, for the design and production of the Mini. The Mini shape had become so well known that by the 1990s, Rover Group – the heirs to BMC – were able to register its design as a trademark in its own right.
#Cars #Motoring #Automotive #Mini #England #OnThisDay
 
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